Saint Eftychios


He lived on Mount Araxos, currently Asterousia on the south of Heraklion in Crete, probably the years of Arab rule (824-961 AD.). He was elected Bishop of Gortyna.
There is a testimony St. John Xenos (10th-11th century AD.). The oldest record of the Saint says miraculously discovered in the tomb along with the grave of his brother Eftychianou inside cave Asterousia. Since then, the skulls of saints were kept in the church that he founded and later transferred to the Monastery Holy Mary Odigitrias.


Skull status

The skull is in a fairly
good condition with small deficit to the left competent cheekbone.

The mandible (Calvarium) is absent. The forensic study conducted by prof. M.
Michalodimitrakis, manager of Heraklion’s Regional General Hospital Forensic
Clinic showed that it belongs to a male 60-65 years.


Process representation of the image of
St. Eftyxhios.

Scanned using CT (Computed Tomography) in the University Hospital of Heraklion
by K. Spanakis and A. Karantanis. The 3D bone model recreated using ANATOMOS software
and adapted to a format compatible to the requirements of the 3D printer by  Dr. A. Manios, Plastic Surgeon. The next step
was the 3D printing. PhD. Engineer M. Petousis and PhD. Engineer N. Vidakis of
Engineering dept. in Technological Institute if Crete using Dimension Elite 3D
printer managed to print in three dimensions the image. The scale of the
printed image is 1:1 and the volume 400 cm3. The printing procedure took 105
hours. Dr. A. Manios and M. Fragakis, School of Dentistry University Hospital
in Heraklion undertook to fill the deficits (left cheek, mandible using
Sassouni method and recreation of soft tissue using clay

The representation of the final result made under sculpture supervision of A.Papadoperakis)


Digitization and reproduce of St.Efthychios representations

  • Digitization using 3D laser scanner Konica
    Minolta VI910 (Technological Institute of Crete, G. Zacharopoulos, MD)
  • Three dimensional printing using Dimension
    Elite 3D Printer (Mechanical Engineering Department in Technological Institute
    of Crete PhD. Engineer M. Petousis, PhD. Mechanical Engineer Professor N.
  • Construction mold casting (Engineering Department
    in Technological Institute of Crete  M.
    Maniatis, Mechanical Engineer, MSc)
  • Molding plastic parts, (Mechanical
    Engineering Department in Technological Institute of Crete, M. Maniatis,
    Mechanical Engineer, MSc)
  • Casting plaster (Mechanical Engineering
    Department in Technological Institute of Crete M. Maniatis, Mechanical
    Engineer, MSc)
  • Paint of plaster piece, (Dr. A. Manios,
    Plastic Surgeon)

General editor: N. Psilakis, journalist

This paper was presented at:
(Interdisciplinary Conference on the History and Spirituality, Art and Culture of Cretan South) 20-23 September 2012

Organised by:
Metropolis Gortyni and Arcadia
Region of Crete
University of Crete – Department of Medicine
Technological Educational Institute of Crete

Balkan Academy of Forensic Sciences